Explain the concept of void agreements under the Indian Contract Act, 1872.

According to Section 2(g) of Indian Contract Act, an agreement not enforceable by law is said to be void. The agreements which are declared by the Contract Act to be void are,

  1. An agreement whose consideration or object is unlawful – Section 23

A Consideration is unlawful if -

  • it is forbidden by law
  • it would defeat the provisions of any law
  • it is fraudulent
  • it causes injury to the person or property of another
  • the Court regards it as immoral
  • the Court regards it as opposed to Public Policy
  1. Agreements whose considerations and objects unlawful in part – Section 24
  2. Agreements made without consideration but for the 3 exceptions – Section 25
  3. An Agreement in restraint of a marriage of any person other than a minor – Section 26
  4. An Agreement in restraint of trade, lawful profession or business of any kind – Section 27
  5. An Agreement in restraint of legal proceedings – Section 28
  6. Agreements with uncertain meaning – Section 29
  7. Agreements by way of wager or any game or other uncertain event – Section 30
  8. An Agreement to enter into an agreement in future
  9. An Agreement to do an act impossible in itself – Section 56

Void Agreements except that mentioned in Section 56 are enlisted in Chapter 2 of the Indian Contract Act.

Asked in 2015 JCJ Mains in A.P. 6 Marks Question

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Other Topics of the Subject

  1. Essentials of a valid offer
  2. Types of Offer
  3. Acceptance
  4. Revocation
  5. Consideration
  6. Privity of Contract
  7. Types of Agreements
  8. Illegal Agreement Vs. Void Agreement
  9. Illegal Contract Vs. Void Contract
  10. Agreements without consideration are void
  11. Void Agreement
  12. Valid Contracts
  13. Minor's Contract
  14. Contracts with persons of unsound mind
  15. Void Contract Vs. Voidable Contract
  16. Free Consent
  17. Coercion
  18. Coercion Vs. Duress
  19. Undue Influence
  20. Coercion Vs. Undue Influence
  21. Fraud
  22. Misrepresentation
  23. Fraud Vs. Misrepresentation
  24. Public Policy
  25. Agreement in restraint of trade
  26. Wagering Contract
  27. Doctrine of Frustration
  28. Novation of Contract
  29. Quasi-contract
  30. Remedies for Breach of Contract
  31. Quantum Meruit
  32. Contract of Indemnity
  33. Contract of Guarantee
  34. Contract of Indemnity Vs. Contract of Guarantee
  35. Rights of Sureties
  36. Bailments of Pledges
  37. Pledge Vs. Hypothecation
  38. Agency
  39. Discharge of Contract
  40. Bailment
  41. Finder of Goods
  42. Explain the concept of void agreements under the Indian Contract Act, 1872.

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